Security and countering violence

The International Criminal Court (ICC) ruled that it is competent to investigate suspected war crimes committed by Israelis in the Gaza Strip in the summer of 2014. This decision, which represents an important diplomatic victory for the Authority Palestinian, is a first and may bring Israeli officials to appear before the ICC.

In its decision on the Prosecutor's request for territorial jurisdiction over Palestine, ICC Pre-Trial Chamber I stated that “the territorial jurisdiction of the Court over the situation in Palestine (...) extends to the occupied territories by Israel since 1967, namely Gaza, the West Bank and East Jerusalem.” However, the Chamber clarified that it “is not ruling on a border dispute under international law or prejudging the issue of any future borders.”

On the judicial level, this decision authorizes the prosecutor of this international tribunal, Fatou Bensouda, to launch an investigation at the request of the Palestinian Authority, which was accepted by the ICC in 2015.

It is worth noting that a preliminary investigation was launched in 2015 into allegations of war crimes and crimes against humanity in Israel and the Palestinian territories, after the Operation “Protective Edge” in Gaza.