The French Interior Ministry announced that an agreement was signed on Monday 14 November with the United Kingdom to curb migrant crossings of the English Channel, a source of regular tension for several years between Paris and London.
Under the agreement, the UK will pay 72.2 million euros to France (in 2022-2023), which is committed to increasing by 40% its security forces on the beaches from which migrants leave for the British coast.
The agreement, which does not announce any numerical targets for boat interceptions, also provides for the deployment of “technological and human resources”, including drones, on the French coastline to better detect, monitor, and intercept boats.
For the first time, teams of observers will be deployed on both sides of the Channel in order to “strengthen common understanding” between the two countries, “improve the debriefingson migrant” and “increase information exchange”.
The signing of this agreement comes a day after the British Ministry of Defence announced that a record number of migrants had crossed the Channel since the beginning of the year, more than 40,000.
The International Organisation for Migration (IOM) has stated that more than 200 people have died or been reported missing, at sea or on land, while trying to reach England from the northern coast of France since 2014.