A new World Bank report has revealed that climate change could cause 216 million people to migrate by 2050. Declining agricultural production, water scarcity, and rising sea levels will contribute to migration.
The authors of the report said that these 2016 million people represent almost 3% of the total population of sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia, Latin America, East Asia, the Pacific, North Africa, Eastern Europe, and Central Asia. They added that the number could be higher as the World Bank does not count migrants from North America, rich European countries, or the Middle East.
The Bank’s experts also said that “climate change is becoming an increasingly important element in migration” and that “livelihoods and human well-being are increasingly under pressure.”
Juergen Voegele, the World Bank’s vice president for sustainable development, said that “if countries start now to reduce greenhouse gases, close the development gap, restore vital ecosystems and help people adapt, climate migration could be reduced by about 80%, to 44 million people by 2050.”